WNYC will move production of The Takeaway to later in the day and trim its length to one hour starting in September in an effort to boost carriage of the off-the-cuff news show that set out to challenge Morning Edition.
The New York station launched The Takeaway with co-producer Public Radio International in 2008 as an alternative to NPR’s morning blockbuster, with a more spontaneous approach and increased audience interaction. But after four years, the show airs on the primary broadcast signals of 55 stations, up by just 15 since September 2009. Ten additional stations air it on digital multicast channels.
WNYC had banked on the likelihood that stations would take a chance and give prime morning real estate to a newcomer. But station programmers proved unwilling, particularly in a challenging economic climate, and NPR’s newsmag continues to dominate mornings.
In fall 2011, Morning Edition took up about 88 percent of the hours devoted to news programming from 5 a.m. to 9 a.m. on NPR member stations that carry news, according to NPR. BBC World Service has the second-most hours, and The Takeaway comes in third.
“If we want to grow and be sustainable and have impact, we should respond to what we’ve heard over the years,” says Dean Capello, WNYC’s chief content officer and senior v.p. for programming. “Stations say, ‘We love The Takeaway, but we don’t want to make that decision about morning drive.”
The show has been an especially hard sell to stations on the West Coast, who have had fewer hours to choose from if they wanted to avoid displacing Morning Edition. Only two stations on the West Coast now air The Takeaway on their primary signals.
The Takeaway’s East Coast–based producers now start their days at 4 a.m., and the show is live throughout the morning. The early start and intense production cycle complicates keeping the show fresh and relevant for West Coast listeners as the day progresses.
“We’ve been a very East Coast show, and we want to be national,” Cappello says.
Producers began considering a later feed time about a year ago. In December they launched a one-hour version of the show that feeds at 9 a.m. Eastern time, which met with positive feedback from stations.
Starting Sept. 3, the earlier live feed, which now starts at 6 a.m., will end and the one-hour live Takeaway at 9 a.m. will remain. An updated hour, sometimes significantly revised, will be fed at noon Eastern time and will roll over until at least 4 p.m.
Timing of The Takeaway’s debut, which coincided with the economic downturn, undercut its bid for carriage. The climate made programmers even more wary of changes and discouraged underwriters and foundations from backing the program, Cappello says.
“If you’re in a tight advertising market, and [sponsors] have a choice between an established platform and something brand-new, it’s a tough conversation to have,” he says.
The show did receive start-up support from CPB, but the second of its two two-year grants runs out at the end of this summer.
WNYC expects to trim The Takeaway’s staff as it shifts to the new production schedule. The show employs 23 staffers, some of whom are with Takeaway partners WGBH in Boston and the BBC World Service. New York Times Radio is also a collaborator.
“A doorway” into stations
With the move to a new feed time, The Takeaway will work to draw more station-based reporters into production and continue to build audience engagement via social media. The latter, a trademark of the show’s approach, has made it especially appealing and unconventional in the morning hours, says Mikel Ellcessor, g.m. of WDET in Detroit. WDET now airs The Takeaway from 8 to 10 a.m.
“The show is clearly, genuinely porous and welcoming of the audience into the show, into the experience,” Ellcessor says. “And that’s just the baseline expectation of how media behaves for so many people in America who are outside of the traditional audience. So in that way, the show exists as a doorway into our radio station, in ways that very little else that’s available nationally does.”
Though carriage may be lacking, The Takeaway has achieved another goal of cultivating a more racially diverse audience. The percentage of African Americans listening to the show exceeds the African-American audience for typical public radio programs by 60 percent, according to fall 2011 Arbitron Nationwide data provided by WNYC.
Anecdotal feedback from WDET’s African-American listeners backs up the story told by the national data, according to Ellcessor. WDET will continue carrying The Takeaway at 9 a.m. and will probably switch to Morning Edition in the 8 a.m. hour.
The Takeaway’s future on Northeast Public Radio in Amherst, Mass., is less clear. The station now airs an hour of the show at 6 a.m. on its AM signal. Helen Barrington, executive director of programming, is reluctant to air The Takeaway at 9 a.m. because the station is planning a local talk show for that hour and is unsure whether she would dump a show later in the day.
Barrington had previously encouraged The Takeaway’s producers to move it into middays, but says she admires their gumption in taking on Morning Edition.
Given the recession, “I think the cards were kind of stacked against them,” she says. “I hope that the outcome isn’t that we all decide it’s not worth trying something.”