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Panel gets more specific about new services

Report calls for new on-demand portal, projects in education, health and pubaffairs

A well-connected panel of business leaders, broadcasters and policy wonks last week got specific about what public broadcasting could do in the future to use its digital signals for the greatest public benefit—and to justify the increased funding that would make it possible.

The Digital Future Initiative panel, convened by PBS President Pat Mitchell a year ago, released its report Dec. 15, presenting the findings at a Washington summit for invited reps from foundations and other VIPs. The panel seeks support for its own second phase of studies as well as for major expansions of what pubcasting already does.

“If we can get a proposal that our community of producers, stations and all of us buy into—that defines at least part of the way we go into this digital future, and how to fund it . . . ,” Mitchell told Current in February, “I believe we can change the future of this enterprise once and for all.”

Co-chaired by Democratic former FCC Chairman Reed Hundt and Republican James Barksdale, a former Netscape Communications president and literacy advocate, the panel [list below] has spent much of the past year consulting with members of Congress as well as station reps and others in public broadcasting.

The resulting125-page report most strongly emphasizes expanded services in early childhood education. When the panel first met last year, Barksdale and Hundt wrote in their foreword to the report, “we quickly decided that tackling the nation’s literacy and learning crisis should remain the single most important mission for public service media.”

The panel also proposes interactive multimedia initiatives focusing on special-needs education and workforce training; national and regional public affairs; health and wellness issues; and emergency preparedness.

It suggests a national Public Service Web Engine be created that would form a cyber-backbone connecting the various new initiatives as well as the vast digital archives of pubcaster content available on demand.

While the specific program initiatives outlined are designed primarily for public TV, public radio should play at least a supplementary role, according to the panel. For example, the expanded digital public affairs programming should include blocks of equivalent radio content on NPR and its member stations, the report says.

The MacArthur Foundation paid for the first phase of the DFI project with a $118,000 grant to PBS last year, and the Ford Foundation funded last week’s summit as part of the project’s second phase.

As for the big question — who’s going to pay for all this? — the panel defers to further studies: “We call for an active Phase Two by leaders from the local stations, PBS, National Public Radio and third parties to develop detailed programs, budgets and accountability metrics that implement these recommendations,” the report says.

Over the next six months, panel working groups will develop specific plans for putting DFI recommendations into action, says project director Michael Calabrese, v.p. at the New America Foundation, a progressive think tank.

It remains to be seen, however, if the DFI will have a lasting impact or if it will go the way of many pubcasting proposals before it and become “shelfware.”

That term was coined by Dennis Haarsager, g.m. of KWSU/KTNW-TV and Northwest Public Radio. Pubcasters “have a history of doing reports and forgetting about them. I’ve written a few of those myself,” he says.

Due to the pedigree of the report’s panelists, “the DFI might have a better than 50-50 chance of being more productive than past reports,” he adds. “I hope it is and will do everything I can to make it successful.”

Haarsager consulted with the panel about on-demand services built into its proposed web engine, which would resemble the Open Media Network [May 2005 article] developed by Silicon Valley philanthropist Mike Homer and an ad hoc group of pubcasters during the past year.

The panel had been moving toward issuing its final report this past spring, but that was delayed when former CPB Board Chairman Kenneth Tomlinson’s doings began to grab headlines.

The lengthy paper that finally emerged last week is designed, in its words, to “address two urgent national challenges: lifelong education (from our youngest toddlers to our oldest citizens) and community engagement.” Several specific initiatives:

Of course, these and other ideas will only fatten the price tag for the digital TV transition, which has already cost $1 billion for new infrastructure and will take an additional $700 million over the next five years, according to the DFI report.

In addition, the costs for the proposed programming and outreach initiatives “could quickly climb to at least $250 million per year above current public media expenditures in these areas,” the report says. And that doesn’t include untold millions necessary to digitize archived content and secure rights clearances.

The report doesn’t endorse any specific mechanisms to raise these funds, though it does call for them to be pooled and dispensed by a private, independent Digital Future Endowment managed by the NPR and PBS foundations.

To seed the endowment, the report mentions such methods as spectrum auction proceeds, spectrum fees on commercial broadcasters, and fees on digital TVs, digital video recorders and video games. Calabrese, whose organization has made spectrum policy one of its chief issues, has for several years maintained that commercial broadcasters should be required to pay to use the public’s electromagnetic spectrum.

The report also said stations should be able to profit from its new multicasting capability by leasing ancillary channels, or blocks of time, to other nonprofits. FCC rules currently forbid noncommercial stations from selling airtime for free, over-the-air programming services.

On the Digital Future
Initiative panel

Co-chairmen: James Barksdale, president of Barksdale Management Corp. and former Netscape Communications president, and Reed Hundt, senior advisor, McKinsey and Co. and a former FCC chairman.

Station lay leaders: Kermit Boston, an APTS Board member, a senior partner in BKB Associates, a management consulting firm, and a former board chairman of KQED, San Francisco; Jim Rothenberg, board chairman of KCET in Los Angeles, c.e.o. of Capital Research and Management Co.

Well-connected PBS Board members: Norm Ornstein, resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute; Tom Wheeler, president of the Shiloh Group and former president of the cable TV and cellular phone trade associations.

Others with political connections: former FCC Commissioner Mimi Weyforth Dawson, senior public policy consultant with Wiley, Rein & Fielding, deputy secretary of transportation in the Reagan Cabinet; Ken Duberstein, chairman of the Duberstein Group, chief of staff under Reagan; Marilyn Carlson Nelson, a member of the White House Women’s Business Council and c.e.o. of Carlson Companies, a travel and hotel group; Hugh Price, attorney of counsel with the law firm Piper Rudnick, a former president of the National Urban League and a onetime WNET exec.

Prominent station chiefs: Henry Becton of WGBH in Boston; Bruce Haines, NPR Board vice chairman and g.m. of Northeast Indiana Public Radio.

Ex-officio members: John S. and James L. Knight Foundation President Alberto Ibargüen, former chairman of the PBS Board and former publisher of the Miami Herald; PBS President Pat Mitchell; Michael Calabrese, v.p. of the New America Foundation.

Web page revised Dec. 19, 2005
Copyright 2005 by Current Publishing Committee


PBS convenes the panel, then known as the Enhanced Funding Initiative, December 2004.

Co-chairs Barksdale and Hundt describe their hopes for what public TV can accomplish in Current commentaries, May 2005.

The Public Service Web Engine, proposed by the initiative, resembles the Open Media Network being tested by on-demand advocates.


PBS also announced further plans for its Public Square programming service, with funding from the Knight Foundation.


Full text of DFI report (PDF), December 2005.

Michael Calabrese, staffer for the DFI and v.p. of the New America Foundation, has been an advocate of spectrum fees, as in his October 2001 paper. Principles for Spectrum Policy Reform (PDF).