National Forum for Public Television Executives: Q&A on creation

As public TV’s Core Working Group worked to build consensus around creation of the Forum in 1997, it published this Q&A, both on paper and on its web site. “Countdown ’97” was the group’s name for its consensus-building process. Questions and Answers about Countdown ’97
Here are questions typical of those we’ve heard general managers and others in the public television community ask about Countdown ’97, along with answers from John Hershberger, Senior Associate with BMR Associates, the San Francisco consulting firm guiding the Countdown ’97 process. Countdown ’97 will conclude with a Convention of Stations in Austin, Texas, on Nov. 5.

National Forum for Public Television Executives

A majority of public TV stations voted to create the National Forum for Public Television Executives (the CEO Forum) at a Convention of Stations in Austin, Texas, on Nov. 5, 1997. Current covered the founding as well as the discontinuance of the forum five years later in July 2003. The forum had been created in an extended process by a committee called the Core Working Group, initially appointed by America’s Public Television Stations (APTS). The Case for Change (draft), May 1997

Questions & answers about the process of creating the Forum (“Countdown 97”), drafted by the Core Working Group, 1997

Charter (as amended) for the National Forum for Public Television Executives, Nov.

National Public Radio Purposes, 1970

Early in 1970, Bill Siemering — one of the organizers of National Public Radio and later its first program director — put together a “mission statement” for NPR. The statement supported NPR’s request for aid from CPB and went on to define the network’s first daily program, All Things Considered, which debuted May 3, 1971. See also’s followup on Siemering’s career. National Public Radio will serve the individual: it will promote personal growth; it will regard the individual differences among men with respect and joy rather than derision and hate; it will celebrate the human experience as infinitely varied rather than vacuous and banal; it will encourage a sense of active constructive participation, rather than apathetic helplessness. National Public Radio, through live interconnection and other distribution systems, will be the primary national non-commercial program service.

Association of Independents in Radio (AIR) Bylaws

These bylaws were approved,  Nov. 15, 1988, when AIR was incorporated as a nonprofit in New York. ARTICLE ONE: MEMBERSHIP
Section 1. Membership

A.I.R. shall be a membership organization. There shall be three categories of membership:

a. Organizational Membership – shall be open to organizations providing radio/audio programs and services (including but not limited to, production, presentation, research, distribution, exhibition, or education).

Affinity Group Coalition, Mission and Principles, 2004

The Public Television Affinity Group Coalition adopted its statement of Mission and Principles in February 2004. RESOLUTION Whereas, representatives and staff of the Major Market Group, The National Educational Telecommunications Association, the Organization of State Broadcasting Executives, the Program Resource Group and the Small Station Association have been working in cooperation with staff of the Association of Public Television Stations, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the Public Broadcasting Service; and,

Whereas, these licensee representatives have drafted and recommended for acceptance by all public television entities a statement of our shared vision; now therefore be it Resolved, that we, the licensee members of the Public Broadcasting Service, do hereby request that the PBS Board of Directors consider acceptance of this statement as a representation of member interests and as a guide for strategic planning and operations. Why Public Television? Public television is the only universally accessible national resource that uses the power and accessibility of television to educate, enlighten, and inform. Because of its public service mission, public television is more essential than ever in the cluttered media landscape.


Charting the Digital Broadcasting Future, 1998

Advisory Committee on Public Interest Obligations of Digital Television Broadcasters
Final Report, Dec. 18, 1998
a.k.a. PIAC or the Gore Commission

See PDF of full report; sections of the report posted in HTML by the Benton Foundation; and the list of commission members. Executive Summary
As this Nation’’s 1,600 television stations begin to convert to a digital television format, it is appropriate to reexamine the long-standing social compact between broadcasters and the American people. The quality of governance, intelligence of political discourse, diversity of free expression, vitality of local communities, opportunities for education and instruction, and many other dimensions of American life will be affected profoundly by how digital television evolves. This Advisory Committee’s recommendations on how public interest obligations of television broadcasters ought to change in the new digital television era represent a new stage in the ongoing evolution of the public interest standard: a needed reassessment in light of dramatic changes in communications technology, market structures, and the needs of a democratic society.

Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 (nearly original)

Public Law 90-129, 90th Congress, November 7, 1967 (as amended to April 26, 1968)
Enacted less than 10 months after the report of the Carnegie Commission on Educational Broadcasting, this law initiates federal aid to the operation (as opposed to funding capital facilities) of public broadcasting. Provisions include:

extend authorization of the earlier Educational Television Facilities Act,
forbid educational broadcasting stations to editorialize or support or oppose political candidates,
establish the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and defines its board,
defines its purposes,
authorize reduced telecommunications rates for its interconnection,
authorize appropriations to CPB, and
authorize a federal study of instructional television and radio. Title I—Construction of Facilities
Extension of duration of construction grants for educational broadcasting

Sec. 101. (a) Section 391 of the Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 391) is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following new sentence: “There are also authorized to be appropriated for carrying out the purposes of such section, $10,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1968, $12,500,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1969, and $15,000,000 for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1970.”

(b) The last sentence of such section is amended by striking out “July 1, 1968” and inserting in lieu thereof “July 1,1971.”

Maximum on grants in any State


Pacifica Foundation By-laws, 1955

Pacifica began operation of its first and flagship station, KPFA in Berkeley, Calif., on April 15, 1949. These are early bylaws of the nonprofit organization. See also Pacifica’s bylaws as of 1999. Article I
Section 1. The name of this corporation shall be PACIFICA FOUNDATION.